Six Things You Probably Didn’t Know About Your Muscles

6 Things You Probably Didn’t Know About Your Muscles

There are some interesting facts about the human body. The muscular system is just as amazing as the other interconnected organ systems. The human body is in a sense is an organic machine working to maintain life. Muscles help with the most basic of functions helping us move, breathe, and perform skilled movements. There still is more to be learned about the anatomy and physiology of the human body. The human body contains approximately 600 to 650  skeletal muscles. Skeletal muscles are attached to bones by means of tendons. There are also involuntary muscles in the human body. The healthy living section of the Huffington Post discusses the six uncommon facts about the muscular system.There are many strong muscles in the body, yet it is difficult to say which one is the strongest. Strength can be measured in too many ways. The calf muscle exerts the most force while the muscles of the jaw can exhibit huge amounts of pressure. The gluteus maximus is the largest muscle in the body. That muscle has the task of acting a stabilizing force for the hip joint. The muscle also contributes to erect posture.

Numerous times people may cite the tongue as being the strongest. This is not true either. It happens to be more flexible and elastic.Then there has to be a consideration to what different types of muscular strength that  exists. Static strength refers to force generated in the same position. Isokenetic strength measure exercise done at the same speed. Isometric strength refers to the type of activity that requires exertion during movement. This becomes more complicated when attempting to measure force and pressure of various muscles. Muscular hypertrophy can happen during sleep. Training is important, but days of rest are also pivotal. During sleep blood flow  in the muscles increases. This happens mostly in the deep and restorative stages of slumber. Irregular sleep can negatively effect possible gains in muscle mass. Hormones that contribute to muscular hypertrophy are released. Growth hormone is one that contributes to muscle growth. This is information collected from the National Sleep Foundation. Sleep is not only important for an athlete it is essential to a person’s health. Poor sleep can have a negative effect on emotional states.

The immune system and circulatory system require sleep to maintain optimum function. Over training is a detriment and not taking a rest day is as well. To see proper gains, sleep must be a priority. It is recommended that individuals get at least eight hours of sleep. Muscles oddly enough have the ability to keep us warm. When muscles contract they do give off heat. The simple act of shivering is the brains signaling involuntary muscle contractions. The reason muscles do this has to do with evolution. Humans do not have fur only hair in particular areas. Fur is great insulator for animals. Bears, dears, and rodents have this adaptation to low temperature environments. Also related to heat is the amount of calories muscle can burn. Muscle has the ability to burn more calories at resting metabolic rate. This refers to a state in which the body is not in movement. Muscle has a higher rate of metabolic activity. That does not mean however that a muscular person can just remain inactive an expect fat levels to decrease. One pound of muscle can burn up to six calories at rest compared to two calories of  fat in a day. This means that  a person with a mesomrphic body type will have an easier time keeping weight off. Individuals with an endomorphic body type will struggle more. There are sex specific differences. Women have higher fat levels due to endocrinology, which means they would have a harder time losing weight. Women can lose weight, but the method should be adjusted. Weight training would probably be more effective than a cardio exercise.

Muscle is much easier to gain than to lose. According to studies it takes twice as long to lose newly formed muscles. Another myth is that muscles turn into fat when one stops exercising. They merely atrophy from lack of use. The only reason their would be a change in weight is if diet were continued and physical activity was dramatically reduced. It takes an enormous amount of food and protein in particular to maintain large amounts of muscle mass. That provides energy to the tissue and body for demanding physical activity.

The muscles of the human body make up to 40% of body weight. The total body composition differs for women compared to men. While women can build muscle, body fat percentages are still higher in women. This is mainly for the sake of sexual reproduction. The body is estimated to have 650 layers of skeletal muscle. Contrary to popular belief, there is no difference between male and female muscle. Men just have more type II fast twitch fibers. While on average men are stronger, it is possible for a woman to have higher muscular strength than a man. Genetics and somatotype determine possible strength potential. Muscles do not just work on movement, but contribute to circulation in the body and maintaining posture. There is still more to learn about the human body and its capabilities. Doing so will not only improve sports performance, but will allow for possible solution to chronic illness.

Six Things You Probably Didn’t Know About Your Muscles

60 Second Simpsons : “The Strong Arms of the Ma”

This is a video from 60 second review discussing the 300th episode of  The Simpsons. It is an episode that generates some controversy. This review looks at the episode from an artistic sense and from a point of social commentary. Artistically, the episode could have been two separate ones. Marge does seem out of character, but there is a reason for that. It could be a result of changes and events or a culmination of latent anger. Then there is the more serious elements exposed with agoraphobia and possible post-traumatic stress disorder. From a point of gender politics there is a dimension of victimhood  and power. “Strong Arms of the Ma” may not have been the best episode, but it is fascinating to watch. There has been from fans a love hate relationship with it. Certainly the series has built up an impressive library of episodes over the decades. There are some humorous parts and others that may seem tasteless. Yet, this is what The Simpsons was meant to be: a mixture of comedy, controversy, and antics. These three elements are what keeps the show so popular. Some would argue that this gave Marge Simpson some a level of character development. There are episodes were she has changed to a degree. It is often stated that Marge episodes cannot be entertaining, but that is not the case.

            The problem with the episode is that it felt like two in one. There could have just been an episode about Marge suffering from agoraphobia. That is more than enough for a 22 minute episode. Adding the bodybuilding arc made it seem disjointed. There could have just been another episode about Marge getting involved in bodybuilding. This is not enough to make the episode disappointing. It just feels rushed in a way. The actions and motivations do not have build up. Thus, the climax of the episode seems unimpressive. While the video says the episode went too far, one should remember that the show loves to do zany plots. Homer becoming a missionary, Bart taking ritalin, the family going to Florida, Lisa pretending to be a college student, or Marge getting amnesia the show has literally done almost everything. That is what makes it great; it is willing to experiment with storylines and plots. Sometimes these experiments are not always successful. There are some awful episodes ( the Lady Gaga episode is unwatchable). It is creativity and comedy that has kept the show running. Before one condemns “Strong Arms of the Ma” there may be a reason why these two unrelated topics were placed in the same episode.

It may have something to do with victimhood and power. The mugging was a shock to Marge and these two concepts are seem through out the episode.

       There is a warped view that woman somehow equates to victim. The reason is based on the idea that women have no power. Women who live in societies that lack gender equality are vulnerable to discrimination and violence. Marge’s response to the event of getting mugged at first was to remain in victimhood. Sadly,society encourages this in women and discourages independence. However,Marge does something proactive by finding power. This change was both mental and physical. After being confined to the basement, Marge began working out with the weight set that Homer bought. She gains enough confidence to leave the house and then gets revenge on her mugger. Marge gets both inner and outer strength and as the video says ” control her environment.” She has found her inner strength. This shows how the psychology of victimhood  can be overcome realizing that challenges will not defeat you. The muscles then become a metaphor for her new found power. It also means that she no longer wants to be or remain a victim. That may be a reason she started to take steroids to become stronger. Ruth Powers goads her into it saying “if you rather be weak and helpless.”This puts trepidation in Marge of not being able to defend herself. So to say that certain plot points are not connected is not entirely true. Marge wants to ensure her safety and thinks that being as strong as possible will prevent future incidents. The issue is that she becomes drunk on power and almost becomes a bully.

The old idiom goes “absolute power corrupts absolutely.” This seems to be the case for Marge. The video mentions that Hey Arnold did a similar story and it seems to present that same message. If one watches the episode several times it is elucidated. Marge did break out of victimhood, but exchanged it for an abusive power. The video and its follow up fails to see this. People become victims, because they lack power. People with power will abuse it if there is no control. There is however issues with women having power. The sexist nature of society believes women should not have any power at all. This obviously cannot be prevented, because the desire to be free is strong. One of the myths is that if women get power they will abuse it more or be completely uncontrollable. That comes across in this episode. The Simpsons has criticized  the nuclear family and gender roles, yet at times the do not seem as progressive.

        Marge’s new found physical power does seem to reverse gender roles. Marge becomes a dominant partner. Traditionally in a marriage or relationship men maintained a position of authority and dominance. This was either enforced by social customs or sometimes by physical force. For many centuries wife beating was not considered a crime. Only with the feminist movement did domestic violence become fully criminalized. There was also a time when martial rape was not criminal either. This was because women were viewed as property, not people. Improved law enforcement and the movement for women’s rights has brought change for the better. Marge when she becomes stronger takes on a traditional male dominant role. The disturbing part of this is that she technically rapes Homer.

 If this were reversed people would not see this as comedic. This really should not be used as a joke. Their is also a change in Marge’s personality in which she seems more assertive. This attribute has been seen as a positive quality in men, but a negative one in women. She may either be called “bossy” or “difficult.” When Marge becomes physically stronger she sheds a traditional role and adopts what culturally is seen as male. For so long this has been associated with male identity and places women as natural subordinate. This idea has been taught to children. Some girls are raised to believe their worth is measured by the man they are with or the person they marry.

Women will of course find themselves frustrated if trapped in a role they never asked for. Gender roles do restrict freedom to a great extent. To a degree is spreads to other areas of life.

        Body image cannot be ignored in this discussion. Women have a conflict with how their bodies look and those who do not fit the beauty ideal are ostracized. While at first the family is happy Marge embarks on a new fitness regimen, they are more critical when she pushes her self to the maximum.Body image pressure can even effect young children. A more muscular Marge was criticized by Moe causing her to go into a rage. Women who are involved in intense physical activity are often told “not to go too far.” Women who are larger are told to either lose weight or constantly disparaged about it.

 Homer said in Moe’s Bar ” I’m proud of you honey, you bulked up and managed to keep your femininity.” Homer seems shocked by that fact. Women who have different body types are not less feminine compared to other women. The reviewer even has a bias in the video saying Marge’s character design looks strange. If she is a bodybuilder she should at least look the part. Women’s bodies are subject to strict criticism taking sexist overtones. Marge’s last line in the episode was “I miss being a lady.”  It was not like she was any less of one when she changed her body. The message seems lost in the episode between empowerment and then abusing power. There is a case of gendered bodies. While it is obvious that there is sexual dimorphism and biological difference the female body has to be represented as weaker or inferior in this paradigm. That is considered a natural state of womanhood. This leads to an unhealthy obsession with weight and thinness. The obsession with a standard of beauty causes body image issues and results in women who look different being marginalized.

           The fight in the bar was significant in many ways. While Marge’s rage could be blamed on the drugs she took, some of that was years of pent up frustration. The character can be seen as a semi-tragic one. She had prospects prior to meeting Homer, but got pregnant. Her dreams had to be delayed or forgotten to raise three kids and deal with a troubled marriage. The family in some episodes does not seem appreciative of her. Homer’s antics and alcoholism have been a large source of distress.

There were times in which Marge could have left Homer. Yet, she would always comeback. The season one episode “Life in the Fast Lane” she came close to being seduced by a bowling instructor named Jacques. Homer needs Marge more than she needs him. This unequal level of dependency has created more tension over the years. Marge can be independent, but years of domestic life have made her forget that. The episode “Marge on the Lam”  made her remember what living is like outside of  the domestic sphere. Ruth Powers becomes a friend of Marge’s and reminds her she is more than just a homemaker or wife to her husband. The episode was obviously a parody of Thelma and Louise  , which some see as a film making a feminist statement. It should be no surprise that Ruth Powers reappears in this episode. While Ruth encouraged Marge to be powerful in a sense of inner strength in “Marge on the Lamb,” in the the 300th episode she encourages Marge to become physically powerful.

Marge pushes herself harder to prevent being a victim. The bar fight was not just because of a rude comment. It was the culmination of anger directed at her husband and unfulfilled  life dreams. May be the scene was also a settle message of how women are vexed at men for mistreatment. After all, it is one woman mercilessly beating up an entire crowd of men. The men in Marge’s life have not been too admirable from her father to Homer. This fight may have been a much needed catharsis. As she once said “that’s what a good wife does pick up the slack.” Everyone has some breaking point. The fight scene also shows that Marge can be a more complex character just like the rest of the family. Often viewed a nagging wife or a one dimensional homemaker, over the years she has been in quality episodes. Female characters are usually not made to be fun or interesting and it is great development that Marge can be.

         “The  Strong Arms of the Ma” episode is far from being a masterpiece. There are some fun jokes and others are tasteless. However, it does have great qualities. Marge episodes can be entertaining. Both Lisa and Marge are not featured as much compared to Bart and Homer. This episode was unique in the fact it featured a subcultural sport and presented it to a mainstream medium.  The issue was that it jammed two episodes into one. The agoraphobia storyline could have stood alone. The bodybuilding path could have as well. Most fans may say they have a love hate relationship with this episode. Most episodes of the series have a high rewatch value. The 300th episode is a milestone, yet this one just seems like any regular episode. It is not the worst, but not the best.

60 Second Simpsons : “The Strong Arms of the Ma”

A General Introduction to The History of Women in Sports

The World History Archive and Compendium

Before Title IX and the modern Olympics  women participated in sports. Women being athletes is not a recent phenomenon; there is a history dating back as far as ancient civilization. There were times in which women were prohibited from competition and in response formed games of their own. Normally, the historiography of sport focused on men’s participation and involvement in sports. Historians began to examine women’s involvement and the sociological and sex discrimination  issues in the 20th century. Due to the feminist movement women’s history and women’s studies were becoming part of university curriculum. While academia focused on women in politics, science, and the arts women in sports remained an ignored area. Sport historians began taking an interest when women’s numbers increased in sports. The 20th and the 21st century saw the highest participation of women in sports globally. Only 121 years ago women were not permitted to compete in…

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The Significance of Kale and Caulifla on Dragon Ball Super

Dragon Ball Super has reached a milestone of 101 episodes and it proves the franchise is as lively as ever. The anime and manga series has captivated audiences globally with its action and fascinating characters. The great addition to the Dragon Ball universe is the appearance of female super saiyans. For many years fans have only conceptualized this through fan art across the internet and now it is a reality. Women fighters were a rare occurrence in the series. The character Kale was dubbed by fans as the “female Broly.” As one can clearly observe this is more of a homage to a non-canon character. It seems their personalities are similar, however Kale may see some character development. This is an excellent choice, because it is essential that Kale develop to distinguish between two different characters in the Dragon Ball universe. Caulifla who is not a homage or reference to another character has been changing as well. This must continue to avoid the problem of tokenism that occurs in various forms of media. A female character should not be there just to placate some demand by fans or be a stock character. They should have critical roles and be a part of the action. The hope is that the series takes this into consideration. One aspect that should be praised about these characters, is that they were not afraid to have a unique character design. During their transformations they displayed powerful bodies and rarely do cartoons depict women with such a body type. Fan reactions to the characters are divided, but it seems overtime audiences will warm up to them. Criticisms mostly are directed at the power scaling and what some see as a marketing gimmick by Toei Animation.

        Kale when she is first introduced is a timid and rather low self-esteem individual. When Caulifla encouraged her to enter the Tournament of Power, she was plagued with self doubt. However, before she did reach the berserker super saiyan form when triggered emotionally. Just like Broly, she was uncontrollable and murderous. Caulifa was able to calm her down and prevented Cabba from possibly being killed. Kale again goes into her Legendary super saiyan  form during the tournament, but puts everyone at risk. Goku is the first victim of her assault, but Jiren then stops her. When Kale transforms the next time she has control. This shows a progression in character development. Kale is gradually going from a timid and uncertain individual to a confident person. When she saw Caulifla in distress, she realized a change had to be made. She was becoming tired of being a burden. Once Kale overcomes her insecurities she will be a self actualized individual. Her third time transforming was not just a physical one, it was a mental one. Kale did something Broly could never do and control the legendary super saiyan form.



This change in personality is a great development and adds depth to the character. Kale still has a long way to go in terms of mastery of this form, but it will be interesting to see where it leads. If Dragon Ball Super does this correctly would could see a very entertaining character. Kale may see a transformation from fear to fierce. It is uncertain where this arc will go, but hopefully the saiyans of universe 6 will survive.

       Caulifla stands out as unique character as well. She does fall into a “tough woman” stock character. These women characters are suppose to have an I don’t need anyone attitude and generally not very emotional. While it seems that Caulifla would fall into this one dimensional role the series changes this. Caulifla is very protective of Kale and despite what appears to be a harsh personality cares about her protege. She encourages and attempts to motivate Kale even when she doubts herself. At first she comes off as arrogant when first meeting Goku, but then begins to almost befriend him when fighting. The encounter was belligerent at first. She attempted to intimidate Goku with her new form. It had power, but lacked speed.

Caulifla_muscle_10 (1)

Caulifa versus Goku

Many Dragon Ball fans remember that Trunks attempted to use this form on Cell. While Caulifla seems cocky at times, this was a point in which she took advice from a more experienced fighter. Being very talented she was able to reach super saiyan two. Astounded by its power she continued to fight with Goku. When Cabba came to recruit her for the tournament, she cared little about the fate of the universes. Her only interest was acquiring a new form to elevate her power.This could change as she meets new people. Goku could have easily knocked her off the ring, but did not. It could be that he wants her to keep fighting so her stamina would drain. These are only theories. Caulifa may have found some form of friendship with Goku. She may be opening up to being a kinder person. Caulifla has much pride, but could be learning to be more humble and learn from the experiences of others. She may prove to be a helpful ally to Goku and his friends later on.

      The character designs for both characters should be praised. Normally female characters are portrayed as thin to an exaggerated extent. Even when they are supposed to be physically strong this default character design is used. Dragon Ball Super broke that convention having the saiyan women appear just as powerful. Not only that, it is clear they do not need assistance from the male cast. It is common for the damsel in distress trope to used redundantly. Here it is not can it is apparent that Kale and Caulifla can take care of themselves. One problem is that the physically strong woman is normally presented as a threat, anomaly, or the punchline to some gender based joke. The story arc has not used any of these common stereotypical roles. The physically strong woman either falls into two notable tropes. They are either cast as the amazonian beauty or brawn hilda. The strange aspect about Kale is that she could fall into both, yet she is still an evolving character. Caulifla, while not as athletic looking in her base form may not fit in either and could be  more associated with the action girl trope. The action girls seeks adventure and danger. They rarely back down from a challenge.

It seems that they are now better fighters than Cabba himself. The animators and creators of the series were not afraid to give these female characters a different character design. Some of more conservative taste would scoff at the idea of female characters drawn this way. The point of making a cartoon character is to design them in a unique way that is recognizable to viewers. These character designs make sense, because Saiyans are a warrior race. They value fighting and physical fitness. Their civilization parallels that of Sparta, Dahomey, and Japan in regards to warrior culture. That means their whole society was invested in war and even conquest. Unfortunately for the Saiyans of Goku’s universe that were the victims of Frezia. Seeing as these characters are super powered being they might as well appear that way. Fans were either shocked see such a design or embraced this as another surprise that Dragon Ball is known for.

There are some who are even enthusiastic about these two characters transformations. Many videos, fan art, and fan commentary have been produced just for the discussion of Kale and Caulifla. The magic of Dragon Ball is that it has the ability to create lovable and enduring characters. Kale and Caulifla are now part of that family. The creation of the character design is just as important as the personality you give that character.

      There appears to be a divide over these character s in the fan community. Some complained that Caulifla going super saiyan happened too fast and was anti-climatic. Detractors also said it cheapened that value of being a super saiyan. There are some problems wit these statements. First, it should be noted that Cabba went super saiyan in the last tournament. Trunks and Goten achieved this form as children. Could it be sexism among certain fans that get vexed that this happened to Kale and Caulifla? There is very little evidence, but there are various instances in which power scaling has been inconsistent. Then there are numerous transformations going from super sayian one to four  following the new form super sayian blue. Goku and Vegeta are the strongest fighters on Earth, so there would be little to be a challenge for them. It should be remembered that Goku was holding back when fight Kale, but it seem like that Kamehahmeha blast could have at least caused some damage. This could mean several things. Kale is either stronger than people realize and their is a possibility that it can increase more. Kale could in an uncontrolled state be stronger, but runs the risk of destroying herself and cohorts. The last theory is that she has reached the full extent of her potential. Caulifla seems to be like Goku in a sense that she has the ability to master techniques fast. Others criticize this as lazy writing, but you could easily say that about Goku reaching super saiyan 3 during the Buu saga.

The point is many characters have become very overpowered and strong. Frankly, there should not be any complaint about power scaling. A franchise that has been around this long is bound to have inconsistencies in its folklore. Maybe it does not create a plot hole at at all. These are an alien species that are operating on a completely different physiological biology. This is only speculative, but more could be revealed as the arc progresses. Another prevalent criticism is that Kale is nothing more than a Toei Animation marketing gimmick. The company realizes that they have many devoted fans and Broly has been a fan favorite. Some were disappointed that Broly was not made cannon. Kale is a homage to the character in a sense as one can see from the outfit and her personality. A faction of fans still call her the “female Broly” even though it appears the character is developing into something different. There are either fans who like the character or dislike her in the series. While it is legitimate to say there should not be a character just to sell products or do fan pandering, it is unfair not to at least give the character a chance. There are fans who also fall into the camp of overwhelming support.

Anyone who has followed Dragon Ball would know there is a huge fan art community. Even before the appearance of these characters fans were drawing what they thought female super saiyans would loo like. Prior to Kale’s official appearance fans were already making art based on a leaked clip. It is wonderful that female characters are gaining popularity in the franchise. Other characters are even coming back to prominence such as Andriod 18. Action series tend to marginalize female characters either regulating them to support roles or merely having no consequence to the story. Dragon Ball was actually different. Looking back, these adventures would have never started if Bulma never came across Goku in the woods. This is significant,because it shows female characters actually doing something of importance and consequence. The arrival of Kale and Caulifla has more significance than some realize.

         Women are becoming manga and anime consumers. There is a change as the anime culture continues to expand internationally. If women are getting interested in Dragon Ball, there should be some representation. It should not just be any uninspired or random character just to placate the advocates of diversity. These should be unique and well developed characters, rather than just token based tropes. So far,it seems the series is doing this right. There could be the possibility of a Vasquez always dies trope. However, the viewer should remain positive. This arc proves to be the best yet and it is clear that the Dragon Ball franchise is not going anywhere any time soon. Just having Kale and Caulifla present sends a message that you can create interesting female characters. This could inspire younger manga artists and animators to experiment with something new. Do not be afraid to draw the women differently or have a unconventional characterization. What makes this series great is that it is very creative and that is demonstrated by its large cast of characters. Kale and Caulifla will stand out as fan favorites.

The Significance of Kale and Caulifla on Dragon Ball Super

General Blogging Tips

Starting a blog is a laborious project. There are many considerations for those who wish to do so. These are some general guidelines to a person with an interest in writing and posting it for people to read. The process should be constantly evolving and making gradual improvements. This means experimenting with new ideas or techniques. Writing is essential and can be the key to your blog’s success. Layout and content are also critical elements. Do not expect immediate results from your efforts. It could take a number of years for visitation to increase to your blog. Planning before actually launching also make the process more organized. Starting is normally the most difficult part. Subject matter is essential and it is critical that it is a topic that sparks your interest. Do not be afraid to try creative experiments. Some attempts  may be successful others may not. These observations are a combination techniques and methods  that have been gathered over the years since this blog was started in 2014.

        When attempting to initiate a blog there should be an outline phase. This can either be done in a notebook or written on your computer. Before any writing is stated subject matter and topics should be selected. When making a choice, it should be a topic that you have an interest or fascination with. The more passionate you are about a topic or idea the easier it is to write about. If it is a subject that is either rare, unknown, or controversial it only enriches the substance of the blog. The subject of women with muscle and women in sports generates many opinions and reactions. This provides an immense amount of material for writing. Scope is also an element that must be considered. A narrow range many not provide as much content as a focused one. This can easily be solved by categorizing your blog posts into menu sections. The flaw with that is that readers could have potential information overload. Another pivotal part of the planning process is to articulate what is the mission or goal of the blog.

These women have some fascinating stories about why and how they got to where they are. 

It should be a lucid statement revealing what the blog is about. If it is not elucidated then visitors may leave and never return to the blog. There may be some occasions users will do a quick browse to understand what type of blog it is. Doing this may not be enough to get the visitor to stay. The general mission statement also helps summarize the whole blog.  It is a good practice to scribble ideas down so when you actually are ready to publish it is organized. Depending on what blogging platform or site you are organizing, make it so that it is simple to navigate for visitors. If possible make or either use an image as a site logo. This can be your signature, which visitors can remember.

Women have progress far in professional sports. Considering their entry into profession sports is recent that makes the progression even more amazing. This phenomenon has not been studied as much.  

Design choices depend on what is aesthetically pleasing to the producer of the blog. It does not have to be incredibly fancy or colorful. Sometimes the most simple design and still look nice to a viewer.  Outlining can help make creating a blog less stressful.

        Writing follows a structure. Essays function on a thesis, body paragraphs, and a conclusion. The best arguments revolve around facts and data. However, it is how information is presented to the reader, which makes it most effective. If the text is too didactic  it becomes dry and dull. If writing on a blog becomes overly sensational then it resembles a tabloid lacking substance or depth. There should be a level of enthusiasm projected in the writing with a combination of substantive information. The thesis is the opening statement and the position one is arguing. Thesis by definition is “a theory put forth as a premise that can be proven.” From this stage of developing a thesis, the body paragraphs will follow in the essay structure. When selecting sources it is best to use books, websites, or newspaper articles. These can be either primary or secondary source materials. The more sources the better quality of written work. The conclusion gives a synopsis and also makes the final point to the argument. Writing does not have to follow this exact structure. Some posts can be short others a little longer. This also depends on the topic. The writing for a blog can either be formal or informal. Do not be afraid to try something either humorous or controversial. However, one should be mindful of what they write and how it is presented. Free speech is an excellent concept which allows various forms of expression, but it does not give one the right to advance an agenda of hate or falsehoods.  Comments should be welcomed, but if they are just meant to be bullying or disparage a particular group then they should be deleted. It is unfortunate that civil conversation in many regards had become extinct, especially online.  Closed minded people normally react in a negative way to new ideas or people different from themselves. They constantly may write negative comments and it is best that their responses be deleted. If they want to share their opinions or convictions they should start one of their own. Do not let them use your blog as a platform to promote themselves.

While there may be less than pleasant responses, this does not mean all criticism should be silenced. Constructive criticism should be used as a form of guidance to future improvement. If a reader has a suggestion, take that into account.  The quality of writing is what will make the blog a success and constant adjustment is necessary. Besides expression of ideas, audio and visual content is helpful.

       Photography and pictures can add to the quality of a blog. Writing can be enhanced more so with visuals. Selection of photos is also important if one is trying to make prove an axiom. Sometimes a photo is more powerful than  words. A great photographer captures the emotion and passion of the moment through a lens. The wonderful aspect about the internet is that there are millions of photographs at a user’s finger tips. These photographs can either be professional, personal,  or candid shots. They encompass all elements of life from work, daily life, and general pastimes. There has to be some thought in which photos will be selected for a post. It also helps to find photographs that are rare, which can be a special treat to readers.

Photography can capture a wide range of human emotion. Here you can see Sally Pearson overcome with it after realizing she won a gold medal.
This is an example of a professional photograph. It is not capturing the action in the moment, but forming a controlled environment. Asha Hadley  shown above is seen posing in a light pink and white colored room.
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Capturing movement in an action photo is not about controlling the setting. It is about documenting a specific moment.

The rare photographs are historical documentations. They provide evidence of past occurrences they people would not easily believe. Besides written documents, artifacts,  and oral traditions, photography also is a pivotal primary source material.  The discovery of new information allows for historical revision of the narrative. The idea of women being involved in sports or some form of physical activity is nothing new. There were cases in which they did participate, but were restricted due to the cultural mores depending on the time period. Photographs also become one more piece of evidence of the past and what it was like. Preservation is important for future generations.

Another element for selection of photos relates to demographics. There is problem with lack of representation of non-white people in media. If you are going to have a blog and want it viewed by global audiences there needs to be diversity. This should not be mere tokenism that is commonly seen in popular media. Doing this allows for expansion of audience. When choosing photographs do not just select pictures of people of the same ethnic, religious, or cultural group. This is a global society; it is time to start representing it as one. When you write understand there are billions of people across the globe with internet access. They are of numerous ethnic, religious, cultural, and national backgrounds. Speaking to their experience will gain their attention. Photo selections should not be done at random, rather a contemplative decision should be made whether it enhances the blog.

       Adding videos can also increase readership. This is more a challenge than selecting photos. There are enough public domain photos that avoid copyright restrictions. Videos if embedded from another channel on a streaming site and either be deleted or disappear. The best option would be to have your own account on Youtube, Vimeo, or Dailymotion. As long as the video is being used for educational purposes and the user is not making a profit of or taking credit for the material, it falls under fair use. Be sure to check the terms of services requirements for posting videos. The great part about videos is that they can be stand alone posts. Interviews and segments of  certain events can entertain readers. It is optional if a writer wants to put text with it. Some videos may need further explanation in a wider context. This is done to demonstrate relevance to the subject matter and prevent confusion. Rare archival footage would require further elucidation to the reader. If it has no audio, then it will leave the reader perplexed to what is its purpose relative to the site. Videos can be stand alone posts, although they can be used to enhance mostly text based posts. An interview, audio file, or news clip can add so much to a written post. Some may actually be more responsive to audio-visual material.

       Try something different with your blog. Posts do not always have to be serious. There can be a level of humor. This can be a relief in a world that is filled with nothing but violence and despair. A little break from bad news can be refreshing. Adding jokes or popular memes can draw some attention. Producing a blog is just not providing information; it is providing entertainment. Thinking from this perspective, the writer becomes a type of entertainer. Experiments in writing and production can either be a success or a failure. This does not mean there should be no attempts at different approaches.

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The memes and motivational posters above are examples of adding some comedy to your blog. The content should be multifaceted. Informative, comedic, and entertainment can make it a more enriching site.

      The other consideration is deadlines. This is difficult due to producing high quality works in a certain amount of time. Start off keeping realistic deadlines. If posting material once a month works, start off with that. Doing something rushed will often result in low quality work. This does not mean writing produced in a fast manner cannot be high quality. Once a writer is satisfied with their work they should publish it. There should be a dedicated effort not to keep going back and editing posts. This should only be done if a part of information is incorrect or there is a grammatical error. There should be an editing process that is done before posting. Avoid overwhelming yourself with trying to meet deadlines. Quantity does not equal quality and it creates another issue. New readers may have trouble keeping up with posts and may not visit as frequently. Information overload can discourage people from exploring certain sites. It may be best to wait a few days between posts. Sometimes there are materials and news that you want to share immediately. There is nothing wrong with multiple posts,but more is not always better. Eventually, you will realize when is the right time to add a new post. Keeping these general guidelines in mind anyone can produce a blog.

General Blogging Tips

Black History Month Celebration 2017

These are some Photoshop renditions to celebrate Black History Month. These feature women of color in sports from various parts of the diaspora. The last two years an observance was not recognized here, but it will continue to be more consistent. Given the current political climate in the United States, it is necessary. There will be other special posts through the month to celebrate African American women’s contribution to sports.








Black History Month Celebration 2017