Are women really the weaker Sex ?

To some this is a simple question to answer. Men are on average physically stronger than women. Sometimes this is not the case. Although basic sexual dimorphism dictates that males in the human species are larger, it can be flexible. Through weight training and isometric exercise women can gain considerable strength, but not the same amount of muscular hypertrophy as a man. The reason is based in endocrinology. Hormones, specifically testosterone play a significant role in the growth of type II muscle fibers. Estrogen is a hormone that stores mostly fat. Men and women produce both of these hormones, but produce more androgens . This not only enhances the strength of muscle, but the skeletal structure. Before puberty, there is very little difference in male and female strength. Girls actually mature slightly faster physically. Teenage boys will have a late growth spurt in which they develop their secondary sexual characteristics. From that point there is a gap. However, it can not attributed completely to biology alone. Men are encouraged to develop themselves physically, while women are not. Women are presented with the mass media image that thin is beautiful. Men are now encouraged to be muscular as an ideal. Yet, this is slightly changing, because more women are engaging in some form of physical activity. Certainty we can see that a woman who trains vigorously would surpass an average male. A man and woman who engage in the same training would result in the man being stronger. Then also there are exceptions. Mysotatin is a protein encoded by the MSTN gene. This is an important protein, because having a low level of it can enhance one’s ability in increasing muscular hypertrophy. Women with low mysostatin levels will be able to become strong. This shows that biology is not destiny.

download

Lenda Murray eight time Ms.Olympia is most likely stronger than a lot of men

It should also be noted that there is no difference between muscle fiber of the sexes. One advantage women have is that type I muscle fibers contain more endurance. Genetics also play a role in how much strength an individual can acquire. Women tend to be more flexible than men. Men tend to have a large portion of their strength concentrated in the upper body. Women come closer to men when examining the lower body. When a man and a woman are compared who have the same weight, women are about 80% as strong. The lower body advantage explains why some women could run as fast as men. When examining the records of weightlifting, men surpass women. Olympic records indicate that there is a 10% gap between men and women in all events.

lenda_murray_02

Women have wider pelvises, but that does not stop them from performing well in Track and Field  

Testosterone allows men to have larger hearts. The hormone allows for more production of more red blood cells giving men greater aerobic capacity. Women will excel at long distance running and swimming, because they have more fat to metabolize. Women seeing as they have type I muscle fibers are more fatigue resistant. Looking at the biological data suggests that the idea of “weaker sex”  is ludicrous. Strength is not male only as women’s sports has demonstrated. The concept is an old fashioned stereotype designed to make it seem as if women are helpless and child-like. Women with enough effort can at least surpass an average man when training.

tumblr_mbsc7dRQnu1qhodd8o1_500ReneeWest

Here is another example. Most would assume that the man is stronger just because he is male. The woman we see has a muscular body and could be stronger. The man who is thin could not generate enough power to be on her level. 

Comparisons between men and women in sports are fascinating. The interesting part is the amount of progress made in such a short period of time. Before Title IX, women were not given the same athletic opportunities as men. This legislation enabled women to participate in sports and develop their bodies to a new level. For most of the 20th century, they were held back and conservative social mores were a barrier. With the barriers removed women could challenge the weaker sex stereotype.

JG9R4982

This woman looks like she could be as strong or stronger than the man she is next to 

True, the athletic  and or muscular woman is rare. Testosterone is produced thirty times more in the male body, which explains the strength advantage. What also needs to be taken into account is the genetic factor. Some women can inherit a mesomorphic body type. Women are not the weaker sex, but different. Saying that men are superior because of their strength is laughable. Women’s type of strength is clearly based on durability. On average women will surpass men in terms of life expectancy. The question still remains have women reached their maximum potential? It seems unlikely that women would over take men in terms of strength, but it is possible they could get close.

Advertisements
Are women really the weaker Sex ?

4 thoughts on “Are women really the weaker Sex ?

  1. turner says:

    I would like to say thank you for an interesting articale.It is a pleasure to read.
    My first conjecture is that a correlation between one’s muscular strength and his level of testosterone in blood is directly proportional.In other words,the higher level of testosterone a person has,the stronger muscles he is in possession of.
    The principal point to note,however,is that the role of testosterone is not still understood completely.More significantly,it’s never easy to pinpoint exactly upon what a specific character of us is mainly influenced,but in the case of muscular strength we can at least say that there is little sense in speaking of the factor of testosterone as a crucial one.At the same time some findings suggest that the sex difference in muscular strength in equelly trained male and female athletes is almost entirely accounted for by the difference in muscle size.Thus,it’s probably safe to say that if the arm muscles of a man and a woman are of the same size,they will exhibit the same strength.

    Liked by 1 person

  2. Thank you for your comments. Testosterone is only one of many factors that could determine strength. The examination of cross sectional area of muscle tissue reveals that male and female muscle respond equally to training. Muscle cells are not different between the sexes. Women respond well to weight training, but may not develop the same level of muscular hypertrophy as a man. However, there are women who are naturally mesomorphic and could surpass many men. Athletic ability could be genetic based in accordance with the ACTN3 genotype. So, theoretically there are women who will excel at sports who carry the ACTN3 genotype in their DNA. Men just have more type II muscle fibers, but this does not make every man stronger than every woman. As you can see from the last photo, I’m sure Colette Nelson is either equal or above the strength of the man she is with.

    Like

  3. turner says:

    I took your point and have to agree.Thank you.
    Another interesting fact concerning gender differences in strength is that through history women have approved themselves to be better than men when it comes to maintaining muscular strength during starvation.The thing is that both men and women are thought to lose their muscle mass equaly or almost equaly pound for pound while they are experience lack of food,but women in that way somehow manage to keep up their muscular strength better compared to their male counterparts.Men,on the other hand,tend to weaken dramaticly while they are famishing.Acknoledging this fact dosen’t imply that either men or women should be viewed as the whole unit,though.By what that phenomenon is conditioned can be only guessed.
    It may well have something to do with women’s resposibility for giving birth to children.Well,I can not,despite a fair bit of effort to find out,say with any certainty what the reason is.Nevertheless,I am inclined to attribute that state of affairs to one’s body type rather than his sex.I mean that if a muscular woman were matched with a puny man with less muscle mass,in that case,with other things being equal,she whould definitely be more successful in moving or lifting something heavy.However,as far as one’s ability to maintain his muscular strength during starvation is concerned,the mentioned above puny man is expected to have his initial inferiority in muscularity as his advantage.

    Liked by 1 person

    1. Women do live longer than men, because they do give birth. This is a product of evolution and explains your example in regards to situations of starvation. Women carry more body fat, which would provide them an advantage. An interesting aspect of this is that women respond slightly better to weight training. They can easily see a 30 to 50 percent increase in strength. That is a significant increase. Women with lower myostatin will certainly be able to develop muscular physiques. Many champion bodybuilders have low levels of this protein. This is encoded by the MSTN gene and makes sure the muscles of the body do not get too large. Therefore, having lower levels would mean you would have a mesomorphic body type. Genetics, endocrinology, and training regimens all play a role. Then there are women who are just strong without training. Lenda Murray before she became a bodybuilder was muscular already. Training only enhanced what her body was naturally like. Like you said, sex is not an indicator of physical strength.

      Like

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s